Mental breakdown is described as the sudden, acute attack that occurs in the mind. Such clinical depression or anxiety disorder in a healthy person can deteriorate his health adversely. Under too much stress, the body and the mind is not stable and starts functioning in a wrong manner.
Nervous breakdown is another name for mental breakdown and in such a condition a person is unable to do his day to day activities in a normal way. The symptoms of nervous breakdown are severe attack of mental illness. It may be either in form of anxiety or depression. Due to the mental illness, a person is unable to perform his daily routine as done by a normal person.
A brain with excessive stress is the first indicator of a nervous breakdown. Feelings of lethargy, constant pains and aches, scratchy and inflamed skin, lowered body resistance are also signs of an imminent breakdown. Repeated sensations of vomiting and gastric problems like stomach cramps gastrointestinal ulcers, colitis and diarrhea over extended periods of time might be indicative of a nervous breakdown.
Causes of Mental Breakdown
There are a number of reasons for mental breakdown and some of them are the chronic and unresolved grief, unemployment, academic problems, career burnout, social stress, post war trauma, chronic insomnia and other sleep disorders, divorce, death of a near one, a traumatic, violent experiences, deception by a loved one. Sudden Mental illness may be differentiated and classified as clinical depression, bipolar disorder, severe stress, anxiety, psychosis etc.
Other factors for mental illness
Clinical depression is a severe mental disorder where in a person is sad due to no reason and does not feel like doing anything. He is depressed and extreme depression might lead top a person committing suicide.
Depression that leads to loss of pleasure in all most all the activities, a person does not react to any pleasurable stimuli and excessive guilt is known as the depression with Melancholic feature. Another feature is characterized by mood reactions, gaining of weight, and increase in appetite this is called as Atypical depression.
There are other types of depression like Dysthymia, Bipolar I Disorder, Postpartum depression, premenstrual depression, premenstrual dysphoria, recurrent brief depressive disorder. Sometimes depression may be a heredity disorder. The shortage of neurotransmitters, the communication system of the of the brain and body is disturbed.
How to reduce mental disorders?
There are a number of antidepressant drugs that modify certain levels of neurotransmitters namely the serotonin and norepinephrine. Medication and psychotherapy are two types of treatments. Regular exercises and dietary supplements have had a significant effect. Medicines that reduce symptoms of depression and thus help in reducing the mental disorders are serotonin reuptake inhibitors, citalopram, fluoxetine, paroxetine and sertraline.