HEALTH Tips
Home Business Education Entertainment Health Jobs Lifestyle Society Technology Travel Vehicle
HEALTH WELLNESS A long term lung disease called Emphysema
 

A long term lung disease called Emphysema

By: Carson Martin | Jul 20 2013 | 462 words | 1127 hits

A chronic or long term lung disease is called as emphysema. This disease is typically called hyperinflation. Just like a balloon the lungs are over-inflated so that they lose their elasticity and elastic recoil. There are balloon like blisters or bullae in the lung tissues. The body is deprived of fresh air flowing into the lungs because carbon dioxide is trapped in the bullae.

The lungs begin by compensating by taking deeper breaths. This further makes it lose its elasticity and expands the lung tissues. More carbon dioxide accumulates in the lungs with loss of elasticity leaving less space for fresh air and this leads to shortness of breath. With time the muscles and ribs begin to expand to contain the expanded lungs. The diaphragm normally dome shaped that lies beneath the lungs flattens and lose their functional capacity.

One of the most important causes of emphysema is cigarette smoking while other causes include air pollution, work hazards, and lung infections. Cigarette smoke changes the structure and function of the lungs by causing irritation and inflammation of the narrow airways. This leads to release of enzymes in the lungs that destroy lung tissues and an increased size in the air sacs eventually leading to emphysema.

Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a rare genetic condition where there are decreased levels of the protective protein. It protects the lungs from the destructive effects of enzymes. Patients who have scarcity of this enzyme thus have lungs that are damaged by enzymes called elastases at an early age.

Diagnosis:

It is typically characterized by wheezing and shortness of breath. It is considered to be a part of chronic obstructive lung disease. The demolition of lung tissue seen with it leads to a reduction in the functional capacity of the lungs. Early diagnosis and management can help prevent gross damage to the lungs. For diagnosing it several breathing tests as well as imaging studies like X rays are used.

Medical Treatment:

• Bronchodilators - these are drugs that open up the narrowed airways to allow for more oxygen intake into the lungs. There are numerous types of bronchodilators. Beta 2 agonists include Salmeterol, Salbutamol, etc. Antimuscarinic agents that are one of the important agents used include Tiotropium and Ipratropium. Theophyliline is another group of bronchodilators that is administered orally as pills rather than by inhalation as with other bronchodilators.

• Steroids - These may be given by inhalation, pills (during flare ups) and even by injection during severe cases. The inflammation within the lungs is reduced.

• In case of lung infections during flare ups antibiotics are recommended.

• Oxygen therapy.

Surgery

Lung transplantation and lung volume reduction surgery are surgical options that are available. These should be used only when the uses of all medical treatments as well as pulmonary rehabilitation have been tried and symptoms continue to persist.

 


About author:
Carson Martin is the author of this site, He is working as a Free Lance Editor for various online health pharmacies like Acedrugstore. He is committed to provide information about Ampicillin Pills for sale in USA, Kamagra Jelly , Order Amoxicillin Online ,Weight Loss, Antiviral and many more.
Next 20 articles in category: Wellness
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease may be harmless or life-threatening Jul 23 2013
  • Jul 23 2013
  • The jeopardy of skipping breakfast Jul 24 2013
  • Jul 24 2013
  • THYROID Symptoms and Treatment Jun 27 2013
  • Jun 27 2013
  • What leads to the sufferings of cirrhosis? Jun 12 2013
  • Jun 12 2013
  • Strategies to treat & prevent animal bites. Jun 15 2013
  • Jun 15 2013
  • How to treat back ache profoundly? May 15 2013
  • May 15 2013
  • What causes you a severe headache? - jellypharmacy.com May 4 2013
  • May 4 2013
  • Solutions can be found to Aches & pain - Viagragenericrx.com Mar 5 2013
  • Mar 5 2013
  • The fit way of life Feb 18 2013
  • Feb 18 2013
  • Pinworm Causes, Symptoms and Treatment for Pinworm Dec 31 2012
  • Dec 31 2012
  • Natural Depression Remedies for Women How to Find the Best Holistic Dec 13 2012
  • Dec 13 2012
  • Do You Have A Fat Kid? Whose Problem Is It? Nov 2 2012
  • Nov 2 2012
  • MANTRA'S FOR STRESS RELIEF LIFE Sep 19 2012
  • Sep 19 2012
  • Physical Therapy Treatment Help Manage Moderate to Severe Pain Jun 1 2012
  • Jun 1 2012
  • The Benefits Associated With Lightweight Wheelchairs Apr 9 2012
  • Apr 9 2012
  • Having A walker With Wheel: A Simple Design Mar 26 2012
  • Mar 26 2012
  • Benefits of Stem Cell Therapy Mar 26 2012
  • Mar 26 2012
  • Symptoms of Candida - The Signs if an Infection Mar 26 2012
  • Mar 26 2012
  • What You Need to Know About Anterior Hip Replacement Mar 26 2012
  • Mar 26 2012
  • Probiotics Urinary Tract -- An Unexpected Solution Mar 9 2012
  • Mar 9 2012

    term lung disease